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Bhutan

Bhutan

Bhutan

Bhutan at a Glance
Area: 47, 000 sq. Km.
Capital: Thimpu
Continent: South Asia
Seasons: Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring
Language: Dzongkha & English
Currency: Ngultrum
Population: (2006 approx.) 2,279,723
Religions: Buddhism & Hinduism

hat is a lot higher than most people have been in their lives.

Where is Bhutan?

Located in Southern Asia, Bhutan has a 1,136.00 km border with China (477 km) and India (659 km). Bhutan and China are currently still involved in negotiations to establish a common boundary alignment.

The capital of Bhutan is Thimphu, located in Thimphu District near the Raidak River. The city became the capital following a royal declaration of 1961 and remains the only city in the country. Thimphu’s population is slightly more than 100,000 and a population density of slightly less than 7,8500 people per square mile. The city’s population density is highest in the country and continues to witness an increase in the number of people. This city relies majorly on the historical buildings for tourist attractions although the government is careful not to prioritize the sector to an extent that it overshadows the other economic development programs. Thimphu has a subtropical highland climate that is heavily influenced by monsoon winds. June to December constitute the wettest months while the other months are relatively dry.

Bhutan is an Asian country covering 38,394.00 km2. This makes it the 62nd smallest country in the world and slightly larger than Maryland; about one-half the size of Indiana. Its geographic coordinates are 27 30 N, 90 30 E and Thimphu is the capital city.

The countryis named after Bhotia, the ethnic Tibetans who migrated from Tibet to Bhutan.

Geography

Bhutan has a mean elevation of 2,220 m above sea level.It has a climate that is mostly tropical in the southern plains, and less moderate in the central valley and Himilaya regions. Its terrain is mostly mountainous with some areas of savanna.

Population

Bhutan has a population of 750,125 making it the 164th largest in the world. Sharchhopka, Dzongkha, Lhotshamkha are all widely spoken. The major ethnicities are Ngalop, ethnic Nepalese and indigenous or migrant tribes. The population is mostly Lamaistic Buddhist.

Since 1971, the official and most spoken language of Bhutan has been Dzongkha. Dzongkha is a member of the Siro-Tibetan language group and uses the 30 letters of Tibetan alphabet. This language, in written form, is segmented with no vowels but some consonants assume an inherent vowel. Dzongkha is native to western Bhutan but spoken as a second language in the other regions. In total, more than 600,000 people speak the language. Some useful phrases for first timers and non-speakers are like Kuzoozangpo La, Nga America ley ein, and Atsi zur nang and others. Linguistically, Bhutan is diverse with many languages of Tibetan, East-Bodish, Tibeto-Burman, and Indo-Aryan origins.

Government

Bhutan is an independent country. It became a unified kingdom in 1907. Its constitution was last ratified in 2008.

Bhutan moved from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy in 2008 and, currently, the king is the head of state and prime minister the head of government. Executive powers rest on the cabinet while parliament has legislative powers. The King’s official palace is Dechencholing Palace, built in 1953 in the capital’s CBD. However, the current King resides in the Wangdichholing Palace built in the mid-1800s, the birthplace of the first King’s father. Elections in Bhutan are through suffrage where each representative has a constituency. The electoral commission has laid down elaborate guidelines for successful elections. Unique to this country is that the king has an age limit and can also be voted out by parliament.

Economy

Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Bhutan’s $6,432,000,000.00 (USD) with $8,100.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 165th largest economy and its citizens the 146th richest in the world. The currency of Bhutan is the Ngultrum (BTN).

Its major export partner is India. Its main exports are electricity, ferromagnetic, cement, and cardamom. Its major import partners are India and France. Its major imports include fuel, lubricants, airplanes, and machinery.

Bhutan Packages

our testimonials

  • Dammaru Niraula was our guide and confidant for our recent visit to Nepal. We went on a humanitarian visit to build a hot house in the village of Phortse in the Khumbu region of Nepal, but also included some trekking on a personal level before and after our project. Dammaru was a vital link in getting the project off the ground and then as a…

    Bell Howse with hothouse group  Australia
    • Bell Howse with hothouse group Australia
  • Dammaru Niraula Trekking Guide Trip Leader

    I have had an association with Dammaru over the last three years. My first trek with Dammaru was to the solu Khumbu region where he tailored a trek to suit our request to climb some remote passes and stay off the main tourist routes where possible. His knowledge…

    Ian Thwaity with hothouse group Australia
    • Ian Thwaity with hothouse group Australia
  • Dear Dammaru

    I have been trekking to poonhill on jan 07 for 6 days with Mr. Dammaru. Poonhill is so beautiful, so all I can do is just taking picture on poonhill. If you were planning to trekking in Nepal, I could recomend you as one choice. His personality and professional guide…

    Hajime / Tokyo.
    • Hajime / Tokyo.
  • In 2004 I was a member of a group of nine friends from Northamptonshire, UK, on a trek of the Annapurna Circuit in Nepal. Apart from one member, we were all approaching or over the age of 60 and were all well aware of the difficulties we could encounter at Thorong La which sits at an altitude of 5,416 meters (17,769…

    Philip Pomeroy  Holcot, Northamptonshire, UK.
    • Philip Pomeroy Holcot, Northamptonshire, UK.
  • My husband and I embarked on a trip to Nepal in October 2006. We were hoping to avoid the large tour groups and were referred to Himalayan Holidays based in Kathmandu as a provider of customised tours. We had looked on the net to determine the tour we wanted to undertake and spoke to many people and eventually decided on a 6 day trek. We live in…

    • Peter Smith & Jane Fairlie South Australia
view all testimonials
  • Dammaru Niraula was our guide and confidant for our recent visit to Nepal. We went on a humanitarian visit to build a hot house in the village of Phortse in the Khumbu region of Nepal, but also included some trekking on a personal level before and…

    Bell Howse with hothouse group  Australia
    • Bell Howse with hothouse group Australia
  • Dammaru Niraula Trekking Guide Trip Leader

    I have had an association with Dammaru over the last three years. My first trek with Dammaru was to the solu Khumbu region where he tailored a trek to suit our…

    Ian Thwaity with hothouse group Australia
    • Ian Thwaity with hothouse group Australia
  • Dear Dammaru

    I have been trekking to poonhill on jan 07 for 6 days with Mr. Dammaru. Poonhill is so beautiful, so all I can do is just taking picture on poonhill. If you were planning to…

    Hajime / Tokyo.
    • Hajime / Tokyo.
  • In 2004 I was a member of a group of nine friends from Northamptonshire, UK, on a trek of the Annapurna Circuit in Nepal. Apart from one member, we were all approaching or over the age of 60 and were all well aware of the…

    Philip Pomeroy  Holcot, Northamptonshire, UK.
    • Philip Pomeroy Holcot, Northamptonshire, UK.
  • My husband and I embarked on a trip to Nepal in October 2006. We were hoping to avoid the large tour groups and were referred to Himalayan Holidays based in Kathmandu as a provider of customised tours. We had looked on the net to determine the…

    • Peter Smith & Jane Fairlie South Australia
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